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Renewed authorisation for the Joint Technological Unit of Nantes

A successful renewal for the Joint Technological Unit of Nantes

Updated on 01/14/2014
Published on 10/28/2013

When science greets action

The French Ministry of Agriculture granted its authorisation renewal to the Nantes Joint Technological Unit. This renewal stands as an achievement for the interaction between our various teams (teams of the Joint Technological Unit, teacher-researchers of Nantes BioEpar and the Health and Welfare divisions of the Livestock Institute).

Find out more on the Unit's site: http://idele.fr/?id=541 

The unit focuses on optimal health control of bovine herds by producing relevant guidebooks: guidebooks on lameness and mastitis, BVD status certification of animals for breeders.

This partnership leads to scientific progress which results in scientific publications. With our partners' websites, global information is available. An annual newsletter is sent  to more than 4000 subscribers. To favour dialogue, a yearly information symposium is organized.

Questions to Raphaël Guattero, scientific coordinator of the  MSTB

Can you tell us which subjects will be developed during the next period?

"We will focus on 3 main innovating projects:"

I.    New techniques for livestock:

  • The impact of livestock groundfloors on animal health with studies for new grounds (in order to better understand lameness problems) and their result on animal welfare. The positive outcome of these grounds on gas emissions will be studied as well.
  • The setting up or the evaluation of new tools for diagnosis: sensors to trace animal movements, their temperature, rumination period. These sensors, most of the time placed on the animal neck or limbs are made for prevention. They enable prediction of health disease and avoid infectious transmission. They support breeders management with ever increasing herd sizes.
  • The "MIR spectrum" resulting in the evaluation of infra red analyses with the Joint Technological Unit RIEL (http://idele.fr/linstitut-de-lelevage/activite/umt-rmt/umt-recherche-et-ingenierie-en-elevage-laitier-riel.html) and the Rennes Pégase Unit (Headed by JL Peyraud) (https://www6.rennes.inra.fr/pegase/L-UMR-PEGASE) will forecast a very fine analysis of the composition of milk (mostly on fatty acids) leading to the detection of metabolic disease of bovine species.

II.    "Made to measure" recommendations, or what goals for which breeding systems?

  • We will work with the "reproscope" innovating project in setting up a national observatory system on ovine reproductive performances. It will result in a collection or a changing of goals regarding reproductive performances. Reproscope will allow breeders, through its website,  to communicate about herd performances and data development.
  • The "Matrix" impact method, is a collaborative tool gathering breeders, veterinary practitioners. It results in the identification of the main livestock components, their level of interaction. We will focus on the breeders constraints before providing recommendations. This method will enable us to anticipe risks analysis and define made to measures answers regarding issues at stake.

III.   A better follow-up of breeding practices

We will set up a sociological approach to issues. We observed that some diseases (mastitis for example) are well known and intervention methods exist but may be not considered or used by breeders or their advisors. A first study will focus at understanding what are the obstacles to necessary changes.

New teaching and communication methods will be developed in partnership with sociologists. Their impact will be measured in particular with the decrease of anti bacterial treatments. It has been observed that non implementation of methods proposed can also be the result of a lack of tools for decision guidance.

The second phase of our project is to streamline anti worm molecules in order to evaluate the efficiency of the expertise system set during the first phase of our project.

Scientific contact(s):